French Vocabulary Illnesses and Ailments

French Vocabulary for Illnesses and Ailments

Learn how to talk about illnesses in French and prepare for a doctor’s visit in France.

French Vocabulary Illnesses and AilmentsGetting sick is never fun, but being in a foreign country and not being able to communicate when you need medical help can definitely ruin your stay abroad. These resources will help you learn some important French vocabulary for illnesses and ailments so that you can communicate with French-speaking doctors, dentists, nurses, and pharmacists.

This blog post including sound bites will teach you the simple words and phrases along with the pronunciation you will need when asking for medical help.

Some basic French vocabulary to keep in mind can be seen below. 

health
la santé

good health
en bonne santé

bad health
en mauvaise santé

an infection
une infection

a chill
un frisson

the flu
la grippe

a cold
un rhume

a throat infection
une angine

a sinus infection
une sinusite aiguë

an allergy
une allergie

a handkerchief
un mouchoir

a kleenex
un kleenex

to feel well
se sentir bien

to have a cold
être enrhumé

to cough
tousser

to sneeze
éternuer

to have a head ache
avoir mal à la tête

to have an ear ache
avoir mal aux oreilles

to have a stomach ache
avoir mal au ventre

to have a throat ache
avoir mal à la gorge

to have a fever
avoir de la fièvre

a runny nose
le nez qui coule

itchy eyes
les yeux qui piquent

to have a scratchy throat
la gorge qui gratte

sick
malade

viral
viral

bacterial
bactérien

allergic
allergique

le médecin
the doctor

the patient
le malade

a diagnosis
un diagnostic

a prescription
une ordonnance

to suffer
souffrir

to open
ouvrir

to examine
examiner

to listen to the stethoscope
ausculter

to breath
respirer

to prescribe
prescrire

a pharmacist
un pharmacien

a pharmacy
une pharmacie

a medicine
un medicament

a pill
un comprimé

a antibiotic
un antibiotique

a syrup
un sirop

penicillin
de la pénicilline

aspirin
de l’aspirine

to swallow
avaler


Watch the video below to understand what a doctor’s visit is like in France and what you may be asked if you need to go to the doctor in France.

 

Some questions include:

1: Quel est votre problème?

2: C’est la 1ère fois que ça vous arrive?

3: Avez-vous eu un traitement?

4: Vous ne prenez pas d’aspirine?

5: un traitement local pendant 3 ou 4 jours.

6: la ordonnance (the prescription for the medicine you must get)

7: la feuille de soins (paper for your insurance)

8: la consultation est à 8 euros

9: vous pouvez régler par carte ou en liquide


French Vocabulary Illnesses and Ailments


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